Billy Mills posted one of the greatest upsets in Olympic history, when he won the 10,000-meter run at Tokyo 1964; a Native American from Pine Ridge, South Dakota, Mills continues to use his voice to advance Native American issues.
Swimmer Becca Meyers is in select company as one of the few deaf athletes ever to participate in the Olympic or Paralympic Games. She has won three gold medals, two silver and a bronze over the past two Paralympic Games.
The Olympic Winter Games came to the United States for the first time. Lake Placid native Jack Shea won two gold medals in speed skating, the first athlete to win multiple gold medals in a single Olympic Winter Games.
Participation dropped to its lowest level in 28 years because of the Great Depression, but several new concepts made their debut: an Olympic Village (for male athletes), Victory Podium and a shortened period of competition.