Billy Mills posted one of the greatest upsets in Olympic history, when he won the 10,000-meter run at Tokyo 1964; a Native American from Pine Ridge, South Dakota, Mills continues to use his voice to advance Native American issues.
The discipline and drive required to serve in the military and succeed in athletics are similar characteristics. Many active-duty and veteran U.S. service members have enjoyed Olympic and Paralympic success through the years.
When Peggy Fleming captured a gold medal in ladies' figure skating at the Grenoble 1968 Olympic Winter Games, she brought American figure skating back to the forefront and helped the event become one of the most popular at the Olympic Winter Games.
The Olympic Winter Games came to the United States for the first time. Lake Placid native Jack Shea won two gold medals in speed skating, the first athlete to win multiple gold medals in a single Olympic Winter Games.
Participation dropped to its lowest level in 28 years because of the Great Depression, but several new concepts made their debut: an Olympic Village (for male athletes), Victory Podium and a shortened period of competition.
Subscribe to the U.S. Olympic & Paralympic Museum newsletter and keep up to get the latest news and features from our Digital Museum, including Spotlight features and tips to plan your visit to Pikes Peak Region and the Museum.