Billy Mills posted one of the greatest upsets in Olympic history, when he won the 10,000-meter run at Tokyo 1964; a Native American from Pine Ridge, South Dakota, Mills continues to use his voice to advance Native American issues.
The discipline and drive required to serve in the military and succeed in athletics are similar characteristics. Many active-duty and veteran U.S. service members have enjoyed Olympic and Paralympic success through the years.
40 years later, the U.S. Olympic & Paralympic Digital Museum looks back at key events and moments from Lake Placid 1980, where the U.S. Men's Ice Hockey Team pulled off the Miracle on Ice and speed skater Eric Heiden won an unprecedented five gold medals.
A native of San Diego, Bonnie St. John enrolled at a boarding school for budding ski racers, earned admission to Harvard and shined at the Innsbruck 1984 Paralympic Winter Games, where she became the first black American -- male or female -- to medal in an Olympic or Paralympic Winter Games.
The Olympic Winter Games came to the United States for the first time. Lake Placid native Jack Shea won two gold medals in speed skating, the first athlete to win multiple gold medals in a single Olympic Winter Games.
Participation dropped to its lowest level in 28 years because of the Great Depression, but several new concepts made their debut: an Olympic Village (for male athletes), Victory Podium and a shortened period of competition.
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