US OLYMPIC CITIES

Squaw Valley 1960 Winter Olympic Games

Photo courtesy International Olympic Committee

Landowner Alexander Cushing had a dream of turning an uninhabited valley near Lake Tahoe into the host of the Winter Olympic Games. Within five years, Squaw Valley transformed from an undeveloped site into a fully functioning town.

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Speed skating, figure skating and hockey were all held on artificial ice for the first time ever, with the United States claiming a dramatic gold medal in hockey for the first time ever. CBS had purchased the exclusive rights to televise the Games in the United States – the first that that was done – and instant replay was born when Olympic officials asked CBS to check and see if a skier had missed a gate in the men’s slalom event.

Olympic Highlights

  • Nations: 30
  • Athletes: 665 (521 men, 144 women)
  • Disciplines: 8
  • Medal Count: Soviet Union 21 (7 gold, 5 silver, 9 bronze); United States 10 (3 gold, 4 silver, 3 bronze); United Team of Germany 8 (4 gold, 3 silver, 1 bronze) and Finland 8 (2 gold, 3 silver, 3 bronze)
  • New Sports: biathlon, women’s speed skating
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