Only 62 athletes came from outside North America to compete in the St. Louis 1904 Olympic Games. U.S. athletes won 239 medals (78 gold); the second-place country in the medal count was Germany with 13 medals.
Due to the difficulty of getting to St. Louis and European tensions caused by the Russo-Japanese War, only 62 athletes came from outside North America as the St. Louis 1904 Olympic Games were held in concert with the World’s Fair and spread out over 4 ½ months. It was the first Olympic Games in which gold, silver and bronze medals were awarded. Swimming events were held in a temporary pond. George Poage became the first African-American to win an Olympic medal, taking bronze in the 200- and 400-meter hurdles. American Thomas Hicks won the marathon after it was discovered that another American, Fred Lorz, had ridden much of the race in a car.